Following the restoration of democracy in 1990, the government, under great pressure from different groups and sections of Janjaties (indigenous nationalities), was obliged to form an ad hoc committee to create a permanent body to cater to the concerns of Janjaties. Subsequently, the National Foundation for Development of Indigenous Nationalities (NFDIN), affiliated to the Ministry of Local Development, Government of Nepal, was established, under the Chairmanship of the incumbent Prime Minister, in 2002 through an Act.
The main objective of the NFDIN is to ensure the overall welfare of the different indigenous nationalities who lives across the country. The foundation is an autonomous body, fully authorized to operate independently where the indigenous nationalities' interests are concerned.
a) To work for the overall development of the indigenous nationalities by formulating and implementing programs relating to the social, educational, economic and cultural development and elevation of the indigenous nationalities;
b) To preserve and promote the numerous languages, scripts, cultures, arts, and histories of the indigenous nationalities;
c) To preserve and promote the traditional knowledge, skills, technologies and special know-how of the Janjaties and to guide and provide assistance in its vocational use;
d) To create a conducive atmosphere for the Janjaties to participate in the overall national development of the country by winning their hearts and minds and assuring them of the State's sincerity, and endeavoring to build a harmonious relationship between different indigenous groups, castes, tribes and religious communities of Nepal; and
e) To provide assistance in the making of an equitable society through the social, economic, religious and cultural enhancement of the Janjaties.